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Diabetes and Periodontal Disease: An Increased RiskLa diabetes y la enfermedad periodontal: Un mayor riesgo

Diabetes and Periodontal Disease: An Increased Risk

When you have diabetes, you are at greater risk for periodontal disease (infection of the gums and tissues supporting the teeth). Any periodontal disease you may develop can be more severe and harder to control. Preventing or controlling periodontal disease requires ongoing care.

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Removing plaque and tartar from teeth daily helps keep the gums healthy.

What Causes Gum Infections?

Bacteria in your mouth form a sticky, whitish film (plaque) on teeth. If plaque is not removed daily, it can harden into a rough yellow or brown deposit (tartar). Tartar is harder to remove from your teeth than plaque. Bacteria from plaque and tartar can cause swollen, infected, and receding gums. More severe gum and bone disease may then occur.

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Bacteria from plaque and tartar can cause periodontal disease.

Prevention

Follow the guidelines below to help prevent periodontal disease.

  • Use good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth after each meal and floss daily. Don't forget to also brush your tongue. Your dentist may suggest special aids to help keep your teeth clean.

  • See your dentist regularly. Your dentist may want to see you every 3-4 months for exams and cleanings. How often you visit your dentist will depend on how severe your periodontal disease is. It may also depend on your plaque and tartar buildup, and how well you care for your teeth and gums. Tell your dentist if you have any problems controlling your blood sugar.

  • Control your blood sugar. Keeping your blood sugar at a healthy level will help control your diabetes. Doing so will also help your body fight infections and may lessen the severity of your periodontal disease. Take your diabetes medication as instructed.

Treatment

If you have periodontal disease, your dentist may suggest any of the treatment plans below.

  • Scaling and root planing. These techniques remove plaque and tartar from teeth, above and below the gumline. Scaling and root planing also help control gum and bone disease.

  • Antibiotics. Antibiotics are medications that kill bacteria. You may receive antibiotics as pills or in topical form (applied to the area).

  • Gum surgery. Gum surgery is a way to remove all deep deposits of plaque and tartar. It may be done for advanced infections that don't respond to other types of treatments.

Publication Source: U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Bethesda, MD

Online Source: U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Bethesda, MD

Date Last Reviewed: 2005-06-05T00:00:00-06:00

Date Last Modified: 2002-07-09T00:00:00-06:00

Comprehensive, experienced dentistry care aimed at achieving exceptional outcomes awaits you at University Family Dental. Schedule your visit at 575.521.0127. For your convenience, you can fill out our online Request an Appointment.

University Family Dental

Meet Your Dental Team

Comfortable, relaxed and pampering dental care awaits you at University Family Dental. Since 2006, we have served the Las Cruces, NM area and its nearby communities. Our highly skilled and experienced dental professionals are known for their affable personality and great chairside manners. Look to them for a unique, personalized dental care that promises splendid results.

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Our patients say it best...

  • I was greeted by a friendly face immediately and was seen 2 minutes after I walked through the door. The staff is extremely professional, and always makes sure you're comfortable, including offering hand treatments with every cleaning. I would never go anywhere else for my dental services and surprisingly enough, I look forward to my visits at University Family Dental.

    -Antonio L.

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  • My experience with them was very pleasant. They were very professional and friendly and honest. They explain everything very well and I would definitely recommend them to all my friends and family.

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  • I have had dental and gum problems for years. At last I found a dentist who stopped the pain, gave me a "bite", a smile and great whitening solution for my teeth. Wonderful dentist and staff! Thankful I found Dr. Kim and her crew! Plus, they have a wax treatment for your hands!!!! It's like a dental spa!

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